Charlotte Smith (née Turner)

(4 May 1749 - 28 October 1806)
Charlotte Smith (1749-1806)

© Abbot Hall Art Gallery, Kendal, Cumbria

Charlotte Smith (1749-1806)

Works in ECPA

alphabetical listing / listing in source editions

Source editions

  • Smith, Charlotte Turner, 1749-1806. The emigrants, a poem, in two books. By Charlotte Smith. London: printed for T. Cadell, 1793. ix,[3],68[i.e. 60]p.; 4⁰. (ESTC T32633; OTA K035639.000)
  • Smith, Charlotte Turner, 1749-1806. Elegiac sonnets, and other poems. By Charlotte Smith. The first Worcester edition, from the sixth London edition, with additions. Printed at Worcester [Mass.]: by Isaiah Thomas, sold by him in Worcester, and by said Thomas and Andrews in Boston, 1795. xix,[2],22-126,[2]p.,[5] leaves of plates: ill.; 15 cm. (12mo) ( OTA N22357)


ODNB 25790; DMI 2171; DLB 109; NCBEL 683-684


  • Curran, Stuart, ed. The Poems of Charlotte Smith. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1993. Print.
  • Labbe, Jacqueline M., ed. and Stuart Curran, gen. ed. The Works of Charlotte Smith, vol. 14 Elegiac sonnets, vols. 1 & 2; The emigrants; Beachy Head: with other poems; Uncollected poems. Pickering masters. London: Pickering & Chatto, 2005-2007. Print. 14 volumes.
  • Stanton, Judith P., ed. The Collected Letters of Charlotte Smith. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 2002. Print.
  • Willson, Judith, ed. Charlotte Smith: Selected poems. Manchester: Carcanet Press, 2003. Print.


  • Fry, Carroll L. Charlotte Smith. New York: Twayne; London: Prentice Hall, 1996. Print.
  • Fletcher, Loraine. Charlotte Smith: A Critical Biography. Houndmills: Macmillan, 1998. Print.


  • Fletcher, Loraine. Charlotte Smith: A Critical Bibliography. Basingstoke, England: Palgrave, 2001. Print.

Reference works

  • Baines, Paul, Julian Ferraro, Pat Rogers, eds. The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Eighteenth-Century Writers and Writing, 1660-1789. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011. 316-317. Print.
  • Radcliffe, David H., ed. Charlotte Smith (1749-1806). Spenser and the Tradition: ENGLISH POETRY 1579-1830. Center for Applied Technologies in the Humanities, Virginia Tech, 2006. Web. 14 Oct. 2011.
  • Todd, Janet, ed. A Dictionary of British and American Women Writers 1660-1800. Paperback edition, revised. Lanham et al.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1987. 287-289. Print.
  • Voller, Jack G. Charlotte Turner Smith (1749-1806). Thomson, Douglass H., Jack G. Voller, and Frederick S. Frank, eds. Gothic Writers: A Critical and Bibliographical Guide. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2002. 408-411. Print.


  • Alexander, Laura. Literary Hybridity and the Aesthetic of Suffering and Desire in Charlotte Smith's Elegiac Sonnets. Feminist Studies in English Literature 24(3) (2016): 159-182. Print.
  • Bernstein, Stephen. 'Nature seem'd to lose her course': crisis historiography and historiographic crisis in Charlotte Smith's The Emigrants. Felber, Lynette, ed. Clio's daughters: British women writing history, 1790-1899. Newark, NJ: Delaware UP, 2007. 29-42. Print.
  • Blank, Antje, ed. Charlotte Smith after 200 Years. Women's Writing 16(1) (2009). Print.
  • Brooks, Stella. The sonnets of Charlotte Smith. Critical Survey 4(1) (1992): 9-21. Print.
  • Curran, Stuart. Charlotte Smith and English Romanticism. South Central Review 11(2) (1994): 66-78. Print.
  • Currie, Joy. 'Mature Poets Steal': Charlotte Smith's Appropriations of Shakespeare. Ortiz, Joseph M., ed. Shakespeare and the Culture of Romanticism. Farnham, England: Ashgate, 2013. 99-119. Print.
  • Dolan, Elizabeth A. British Romantic Melancholia: Charlotte Smith's Elegiac Sonnets, Medical Discourse and the Problem of Sensibility. Journal of European Studies 33(3-4) (2003): 237-253. Print.
  • Dolan, Elizabeth A. Seeing Suffering in Women's Literature of the Romantic Era. Aldershot, England: Ashgate, 2008. Print.
  • Falk, Michael. The nightjar's shriek: nature's variety in the sonnets of John Clare and Charlotte Smith. John Clare Society Journal 36 (2017): 31-48. Print.
  • Garnai, Amy. Revolutionary imaginings in the 1790s: Charlotte Smith, Mary Robinson, Elizabeth Inchbald. Basingstoke; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009. Print.
  • Garnai, Amy. Politics, exile, and authorship: Charlotte Smith's The Emigrants. Eighteenth-Century Women 3 (2003): 225-245. Print.
  • Girten, Kristin M. Charlotte Smith's tactile poetics. Eighteenth Century 54(2) (2013): 215-230. Print.
  • Hasperg, Keith. 'Saved by the historic page': Charlotte Smith's Arun River sonnets. Studies in Romanticism 53(1) (2014): 103-131. Print.
  • Hawley, Judith. Charlotte Smith's Elegiac Sonnets, Losses and Gains. Armstrong, Isobel, and Virginia Blain, eds. Women's Poetry in the Enlightenment: The Making of a Canon, 1730-1820. London and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 1999. 184-198. Print.
  • Hunt, Bishop C. Wordsworth and Charlotte Smith. Wordsworth Circle 1 (1970): 85-113. Print.
  • Kennedy, Deborah. Thorns and Roses: The Sonnets of Charlotte Smith. Women's Writing 2 (1995): 43-54. Print.
  • Knowles, Claire. Sensibility and Female Poetic Tradition, 1780-1860: The Legacy of Charlotte Smith. Farnham, England: Ashgate, 2009. Print.
  • Labbe, Jacqueline M. 'Transplanted into More Congenial Soil': Footnoting the Self in the Poetry of Charlotte Smith. Bray, Joe, Miriam Handley, and Anne C. Henry, eds. Ma(r)king the Text: The Presentation of Meaning on the Literary Page. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000. 71-86. Print.
  • Labbe, Jacqueline M. Selling One's Sorrows: Charlotte Smith, Mary Robinson, and the Marketing of Poetry. The Wordsworth Circle 25(2) (1994): 68-71. Print.
  • Labbe, Jacqueline M. The Exiled Self: Images of War in Charlotte Smith's The Emigrants. Shaw, Philip, ed. Romantic Wars: Studies in Culture and Conflict, 1793-1822. Aldershot, England: Ashgate, 2000. 37-56. Print.
  • Labbe, Jacqueline M. Charlotte Smith: Romanticism, poetry, and the culture of gender. Manchester; New York: Manchester UP, 2003. Print.
  • Labbe, Jacqueline M., ed. Charlotte Smith in British Romanticism. Enlightenment World: Political and Intellectual History of the Long Eighteenth Century. London, England: Pickering & Chatto, 2008. Print.
  • Labbe, Jacqueline M. Writing Romanticism: Charlotte Smith and William Wordsworth, 1784-1807. Palgrave Studies in the Enlightenment, Romanticism, and Cultures of Print. Basingstoke; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. Print.
  • Labbe, Jacqueline M. Pathological sensibility. Women's Writing 23(3) (2016): 354-365. Print.
  • Labbe, Jacqueline M. The Seductions of Form in the Poetry of Ann Batten Cristall and Charlotte Smith. Rawes, Alan, ed. Romanticism and Form. Basingstoke, England: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008. 154-170. Print.
  • Mergenthal, Silvia. Charlotte Smith and the Romantic Sonnet Revival. Fendler, Susanne, ed. Feminist Contributions to the Literary Canon: Setting Standards of Taste. Lewiston, NY: Mellen, 1997. 65-79. Print.
  • Myers, Mary Anne. Charlotte Smith's Androgynous Sonnets. European Romantic Review 13(4) (2002): 379-382. Print.
  • Myers, Mary Anne. Unsexing Petrarch: Charlotte Smith's lessons in the sonnet as a social medium. Studies in Romanticism 53(2) (2014): 239-263. Print.
  • Özdemir, Erinç. Charlotte Smith's poetry as Sentimental discourse. Studies in Romanticism 50(3) (2011): 437-473. Print.
  • Parisot, Eric. Living to labour, labouring to live: the problem of suicide in Charlotte Smith's Elegiac Sonnets". Literature Compass 12(12) (2015): 660-666. Print.
  • Raycroft, Brent. From Charlotte Smith to Nehemiah Higginbottom: Revising the Genealogy of the Early Romantic Sonnet. European Romantic Review 9(3) (1998): 363-392. Print.
  • Roberts, Bethan. 'Breaking the Silent Sabbath of the Grave': Charlotte Smith's Sonnet XLIV and Her Place in Literary History. European Romantic Review 28(5) (2017): 549-570. Print.
  • Roberts, Bethan. Literary past and present in Charlotte Smith's Elegiac Sonnets. Studies in English Literature 1500-1900 54(3) (2014): 649-674. Print.
  • Roberts, Bethan. Charlotte Smith and the Sonnet. Liverpool: Liverpool UP, 2019. Print.
  • Robinson, Daniel. Reviving the Sonnet: Women Romantic Poets and the Sonnet Claim. European Romantic Review 6(1) (1995): 98-127. Print.
  • Robinson, Daniel. Elegiac Sonnets: Charlotte Smith's formal paradoxy. Papers on Language & Literature 39(2) (2003): 185-220. Print.
  • Stokes, Christopher. Lorn subjects: haunting, fracture and ascesis in Charlotte Smith's Elegiac Sonnets. Women's Writing 16(1) (2009): 143-160. Print.
  • Terry, Richard. Sentimental doubling in Charlotte Smith's Elegiac Sonnets. ANQ 20(4) (2007): 50-58. Print.
  • Weisman, Karen A. Form and loss in Charlotte Smith's Elegiac Sonnets. Wordsworth Circle 33(1) (2002): 23-27. Print.
  • White, Daniel E. Autobiography and Elegy: The Early Romantic Poetics of Thomas Gray and Charlotte Smith. Woodman, Thomas, ed. The Early Romantics: Perspectives in British Poetry from Pope to Wordsworth. Houndmills: Macmillan, 1998. 57-69. Print.
  • Wiley, Michael. The geography of displacement and replacement in Charlotte Smith's The Emigrants. European Romantic Review 17(1) (2006): 55-68. Print.
  • Wolfson, Susan J. Charlotte Smith's Emigrants: Forging Connections at the Borders of a Female Tradition. Huntington Library Quarterly: Studies in English and American History and Literature 63(4) (2000): 509-546. Print.
  • Zimmerman, Sarah M. Romanticism, Lyricism, and History. Albany, NY: State U of New York P, 1999. Print.
  • Zimmerman, Sarah M. Varieties of privacy in Charlotte Smith's poetry. European Romantic Review 18(4) (2007): 483-502. Print.