THE BIRTH OF FLATTERY.[Page 238]
The Subject — Poverty and Cunning described — When united, a jarring Couple — Mutual Reproof — The Wife consoled by a Dream — Birth of a Daughter — Description and Prediction of Envy — How to be rendered ineffectual, explained in a Vision — Simulation foretells the future Success and Triumphs of Flattery — Her Power over various Characters and different Minds; over certain Classes of Men; over Envy himself — Her successful Art of softening the Evils of Life; of changing Characters; of meliorating Prospects, and affixing Value to Possessions, Pictures, &c. — Conclusion.
Omnia habeo, nec quicquam habeo; Quidquid dicunt, laudo; id rursum si negant, laudo id quoque: Negat quis, nego; ait, aio: Postremò imperavi egomet mihi Omnia assentari.
Terent. in Eunuch.
'Tis an old maxim in the schools, That flattery is the food of fools; Yet now and then your men of wit Will condescend to taste a bit.
1 Muse of my Spenser, who so well could sing
2 The passions all, their bearings and their ties;
3 Who could in view those shadowy beings bring,
4 And with bold hand remove each dark disguise,[Page 240]
5 Wherein love, hatred, scorn, or anger lies:
6 Guide him to Fairy-land, who now intends
7 That way his flight; assist him as he flies,
8 To mark those passions, Virtue's foes and friends,
9 By whom when led she droops, when leading she ascends.
10 Yes! they appear, I see the fairy train!
11 And who that modest nymph of meek address?
12 Not Vanity, though loved by all the vain;
13 Not Hope, though promising to all success;
14 Not Mirth, nor Joy, though foe to all distress;
15 Thee, sprightly syren, from this train I choose,
16 Thy birth relate, thy soothing arts confess;
17 'T is not in thy mild nature to refuse,
18 When poets ask thine aid, so oft their meed and muse.
19 In Fairy-land, on wide and cheerless plain,
20 Dwelt, in the house of Care, a sturdy swain;
21 A hireling he, who, when he till'd the soil,
22 Look'd to the pittance that repaid his toil
23 And to a master left the mingled joy
24 And anxious care that follow'd his employ:[Page 241]
25 Sullen and patient he at once appear'd,
26 As one who murmur'd, yet as one who fear'd;
27 Th' attire was coarse that clothed his sinewy frame,
28 Rude his address, and Poverty his name.
29 In that same plain a nymph, of curious taste,
30 A cottage (plann'd with all her skill) had placed;
31 Strange the materials, and for what design'd
32 The various parts, no simple man might find;
33 What seem'd the door, each entering guest withstood,
34 What seem'd a window was but painted wood;
35 But by a secret spring the wall would move,
36 And daylight drop through glassy door above:
37 'T was all her pride, new traps for praise to lay,
38 And all her wisdom was to hide her way;
39 In small attempts incessant were her pains,
40 And Cunning was her name among the swains.
41 Now, whether fate decreed this pair should wed,
42 And blindly drove them to the marriage bed;
43 Or whether love in some soft hour inclined
44 The damsel's heart, and won her to be kind,
45 Is yet unsung: they were an ill-match'd pair,
46 But both disposed to wed — and wed they were. [Page 242]
47 Yet, though united in their fortune, still
48 Their ways were diverse; varying was their will;
49 Nor long the maid had bless'd the simple man,
50 Before dissensions rose, and she began: —
51 "Wretch that I am! since to thy fortune bound,
52 " What plan, what project, with success is crown'd?
53 "I, who a thousand secret arts possess,
54 " Who every rank approach with right address;
55 "Who've loosed a guinea from a miser's chest,
56 " And worm'd his secret from a traitor's breast;
57 "Thence gifts and gains collecting, great and small,
58 " Have brought to thee, and thou consum'st them all;
59 "For want like thine — a bog without a base —
60 " Ingulfs all gains I gather for the place;
61 "Feeding, unfill'd; destroying, undestroy'd;
62 " It craves for ever, and is ever void: —
63 "Wretch that I am! what misery have I found,
64 " Since my sure craft was to thy calling bound! "
65 "Oh! vaunt of worthless art," the swain replied,
66 Scowling contempt, "how pitiful this pride!
67 " What are these specious gifts, these paltry gains,
68 "But base rewards for ignominious pains?
69 " With all thy tricking, still for bread we strive,
70 "Thine is, proud wretch! the care that cannot thrive;
71 " By all thy boasted skill and baffled hooks,
72 "Thou gain'st no more than students by their books
73 " No more than I for my poor deeds am paid,
74 "Whom none can blame, will help, or dare upbraid.
75 "Call this our need, a bog that all devours, —
76 " Then what thy petty arts, but summer-flowers,[Page 243]
77 "Gaudy and mean, and serving to betray
78 " The place they make unprofitably gay?
79 "Who know it not, some useless beauties see, —
80 " But ah! to prove it was reserved for me. "
81 Unhappy state! that, in decay of love,
82 Permits harsh truth his errors to disprove;
83 While he remains, to wrangle and to jar,
84 Is friendly tournament, not fatal war;
85 Love in his play will borrow arms of hate,
86 Anger and rage, upbraiding and debate;
87 And by his power the desperate weapons thrown,
88 Become as safe and pleasant as his own;
89 But left by him, their natures they assume,
90 And fatal, in their poisoning force, become.
91 Time fled, and now the swain compell'd to see
92 New cause for fear — "Is this thy thrift?" quoth he
93 To whom the wife with cheerful voice replied: —
94 "Thou moody man, lay all thy fears aside,
95 " I've seen a vision — they, from whom I came,
96 "A daughter promise, promise wealth and fame;
97 " Born with my features, with my arts, yet she
98 "Shall patient, pliant, persevering be,
99 " And in thy better ways resemble thee.
100 "The fairies round shall at her birth attend,
101 " The friend of all in all shall find a friend,
102 "And save that one sad star that hour must gleam
103 " On our fair child, how glorious were my dream! "
104 This heard the husband, and, in surly smile,
105 Aim'd at contempt, but yet he hoped the while:[Page 244]
106 For as, when sinking, wretched men are found
107 To catch at rushes rather than be drown'd;
108 So on a dream our peasant placed his hope,
109 And found that rush as valid as a rope.
110 Swift fled the days, for now in hope they fled,
111 When a fair daughter bless'd the nuptial bed;
112 Her infant-face the mother's pains beguiled,
113 She look'd so pleasing and so softly smiled;
114 Those smiles, those looks, with sweet sensations moved
115 The gazer's soul, and as he look'd he loved.
116 And now the fairies came with gifts, to grace
117 So mild a nature, and so fair a face.
118 They gave, with beauty, that bewitching art,
119 That holds in easy chains the human heart;
120 They gave her skill to win the stubborn mind,
121 To make the suffering to their sorrows blind,
122 To bring on pensive looks the pleasing smile,
123 And Care's stern brow of every frown beguile.
124 These magic favours graced the infant-maid,
125 Whose more enlivening smile the charming gifts repaid.
126 Now Fortune changed, who, were she constant long,
127 Would leave us few adventures for our song.
128 A wicked elfin roved this land around,
129 Whose joys proceeded from the griefs he found;
130 Envy his name: — his fascinating eye
131 From the light bosom drew the sudden sigh;
132 Unsocial he, but with malignant mind,
133 He dwelt with man, that he might curse mankind;[Page 245]
134 Like the first foe, he sought th' abode of Joy,
135 Grieved to behold, but eager to destroy;
136 Round blooming beauty, like the wasp, he flew,
137 Soil'd the fresh sweet, and changed the rosy hue;
138 The wise, the good, with anxious heart he saw,
139 And here a failing found, and there a flaw;
140 Discord in families 't was his to move,
141 Distrust in friendship, jealousy in love;
142 He told the poor, what joys the great possess'd,
143 The great — what calm content the cottage bless'd;
144 To part the learned and the rich he tried,
145 Till their slow friendship perish'd in their pride.
146 Such was the fiend, and so secure of prey,
147 That only Misery pass'd unstung away.
148 Soon as he heard the fairy-babe was born,
149 Scornful he smiled, but felt no more than scorn:
150 For why, when Fortune placed her state so low,
151 In useless spite his lofty malice show?
152 Why, in a mischief of the meaner kind,
153 Exhaust the vigour of a ranc'rous mind;
154 But, soon as Fame the fairy-gifts proclaim'd,
155 Quick-rising wrath his ready soul inflamed
156 To swear, by vows that e'en the wicked tie,
157 The nymph should weep her varied destiny,
158 That every gift, that now appear'd to shine
159 In her fair face, and make her smiles divine,
160 Should all the poison of his magic prove,
161 And they should scorn her, whom she sought for love.
162 His spell prepared, in form an ancient dame,
163 A fiend in spirit, to the cot he came;[Page 246]
164 There gain'd admittance, and the infant press'd
165 (Muttering his wicked magic) to his breast;
166 And thus he said: — "Of all the powers, who wait
167 " On Jove's decrees, and do the work of fate,
168 "Was I, alone, despised or worthless, found,
169 " Weak to protect, or impotent to wound?
170 "See then thy foe, regret the friendship lost,
171 " And learn my skill, but learn it at your cost.
172 "Know, then, O child! devote to fates severe
173 " The good shall hate thy name, the wise shall fear;
174 "Wit shall deride, and no protecting friend
175 " Thy shame shall cover, or thy name defend.
176 "Thy gentle sex, who, more than ours, should spare
177 " A humble foe, will greater scorn declare;
178 "The base alone thy advocates shall be,
179 " Or boast alliance with a wretch like thee. "
180 He spake, and vanish'd, other prey to find,
181 And waste in slow disease the conquer'd mind.
182 Awed by the elfin's threats, and fill'd with dread
183 The parents wept, and sought their infant's bed:
184 Despair alone the father's soul possess'd;
185 But hope rose gently in the mother's breast;
186 For well she knew that neither grief nor joy
187 Pain'd without hope, or pleased without alloy;
188 And while these hopes and fears her heart divide,
189 A cheerful vision bade the fears subside.
190 She saw descending to the world below
191 An ancient form, with solemn pace and slow. [Page 247]
192 "Daughter, no more be sad" (the phantom cried),
193 "Success is seldom to the wise denied;
194 " In idle wishes fools supinely stay,
195 "Be there a will, and wisdom finds a way:
196 " Why art thou grieved? Be rather glad, that he,
197 "Who hates the happy, aims his darts at thee;
198 " But aims in vain; thy favour'd daughter lies,
199 "Serenely blest, and shall to joy arise.
200 " For, grant that curses on her name shall wait,
201 "(So Envy wills, and such the voice of Fate,)
202 " Yet if that name be prudently suppress'd,
203 "She shall be courted, favour'd, and caress'd.
204 "For what are names? and where agree mankind,
205 " In those to persons or to acts assign'd?
206 "Brave, learn'd, or wise, if some their favourites call,
207 " Have they the titles or the praise from all?
208 "Not so, but others will the brave disdain
209 " As rash, and deem the sons of wisdom vain;
210 "The self-same mind shall scorn or kindness move,
211 " And the same deed attract contempt and love.
212 "So all the powers who move the human soul,
213 " With all the passions who the will control,
214 'Have various names — One giv'n by Truth Divine,
215 "(As Simulation thus was fix'd for mine,)
216 " The rest by man, who now, as wisdom's, prize
217 "My secret counsels, now as art despise;
218 " One hour, as just, those counsels they embrace,
219 "And spurn, the next, as pitiful and base.
220 "Thee, too, my child, those fools as Cunning fly,
221 " Who on thy counsel and thy craft rely;[Page 248]
222 "That worthy craft in others they condemn,
223 " But 't is their prudence, while conducting them.
224 "Be Flattery, then, thy happy infant's name,
225 " Let Honour scorn her and let Wit defame;
226 "Let all be true that Envy dooms, yet all,
227 " Not on herself, but on her name, shall fall;
228 "While she thy fortune and her own shall raise,
229 " And decent Truth be call'd, and loved as, modest Praise.
230 "O happy child! the glorious day shall shine,
231 " When every ear shall to thy speech incline,
232 "Thy words alluring and thy voice divine:
233 " The sullen pedant and the sprightly wit,
234 "To hear thy soothing eloquence shall sit;
235 " And both, abjuring Flattery, will agree
236 "That Truth inspires, and they must honour thee.
237 "Envy himself shall to thy accents bend,
238 " Force a faint smile and sullenly attend,
239 "When thou shalt call him Virtue's jealous friend,
240 " Whose bosom glows with generous rage to find
241 "How fools and knaves are flatter'd by mankind.
242 "The sage retired, who spends alone his days,
243 " And flies th' obstreperous voice of public praise;
244 "The vain, the vulgar cry, — shall gladly meet,
245 " And bid thee welcome to his still retreat;
246 "Much will he wonder, how thou camest to find
247 " A man to glory dead, to peace consign'd.
248 "O Fame! he'll cry (for he will call thee Fame),
249 " From thee I fly, from thee conceal my name;
250 "But thou shalt say, Though Genius takes his flight,
251 " He leaves behind a glorious train of light,[Page 249]
252 "And hides in vain: — yet prudent he that flies
253 " The flatterer's art, and for himself is wise.
254 "Yes, happy child! I mark th' approaching day,
255 " When warring natures will confess thy sway;
256 "When thou shalt Saturn's golden reign restore,
257 " And vice and folly shall be known no more.
258 "Pride shall not then in human-kind have place,
259 " Changed by thy skill, to Dignity and Grace;
260 "While Shame, who now betrays the inward sense
261 " Of secret ill, shall be thy Diffidence;
262 "Avarice shall thenceforth prudent Forecast be,
263 " And bloody Vengeance, Magnanimity;
264 "The lavish tongue shall honest truths impart,
265 " The lavish hand shall show the generous heart,
266 "And Indiscretion be, contempt of art:
267 " Folly and Vice shall then, no longer known,
268 "Be, this as Virtue, that as Wisdom, shown.
269 "Then shall the Robber, as the Hero, rise
270 " To seize the good that churlish law denies;
271 "Throughout the world shall rove the generous band,
272 " And deal the gifts of Heaven from hand to hand.
273 "In thy blest days no tyrant shall be seen,
274 " Thy gracious king shall rule contented men;
275 "In thy blest days shall not a rebel be,
276 " But patriots all and well-approved of thee.
277 "Such powers are thine, that man by thee shall wrest
278 " The gainful secret from the cautious breast;
279 "Nor then, with all his care, the good retain,
280 " But yield to thee the secret and the gain.
281 "In vain shall much experience guard the heart
282 " Against the charm of thy prevailing art;[Page 250]
283 "Admitted once, so soothing is thy strain
284 " It comes the sweeter, when it comes again;
285 "And when confess'd as thine, what mind so strong
286 " Forbears the pleasure it indulged so long?
287 "Soft'ner of every ill! of all our woes
288 " The balmy solace! friend of fiercest foes!
289 "Begin thy reign, and like the morning rise!
290 " Bring joy, bring beauty, to our eager eyes;
291 "Break on the drowsy world like opening day,
292 " While grace and gladness join thy flow'ry way;
293 "While every voice is praise, while every heart is gay.
294 "From thee all prospects shall new beauties take,
295 " 'Tis thine to seek them and 'tis thine to make;
296 "On the cold fen I see thee turn thine eyes,
297 " Its mists recede, its chilling vapour flies;
298 "Th' enraptured lord th' improving ground surveys,
299 " And for his Eden asks the traveller's praise,
300 "Which yet, unview'd of thee, a bog had been,
301 " Where spungy rushes hide the plashy green.
302 "I see thee breathing on the barren moor,
303 " That seems to bloom although so bleak before;
304 "There, if beneath the gorse the primrose spring,
305 " Or the pied daisy smile below the ling,
306 "They shall new charms, at thy command, disclose,
307 " And none shall miss the myrtle or the rose.
308 "The wiry moss, that whitens all the hill,
309 " Shall live a beauty by thy matchless skill;
310 "Gale from the bog shall yield Arabian balm,
311 " And the grey willow wave a golden palm.
312 "I see thee smiling in the pictured room,
313 " Now breathing beauty, now reviving bloom;[Page 251]
314 "There, each immortal name 'tis thine to give,
315 " To graceless forms, and bid the lumber live.
316 "Should'st thou coarse boors or gloomy martyrs see,
317 " These shall thy Guidos, those thy Teniers be;
318 "There shalt thou Raphael's saints and angels trace,
319 " There make for Rubens and for Reynolds place,
320 "And all the pride of art shall find, in her, disgrace.
321 "Delight of either sex! thy reign commence;
322 " With balmy sweetness soothe the weary sense,
323 "And to the sickening soul thy cheering aid dispense.
324 " Queen of the mind! thy golden age begin;
325 "In mortal bosoms varnish shame and sin;
326 " Let all be fair without, let all be calm within. "
327 The vision fled, the happy mother rose,
328 Kiss'd the fair infant, smiled at all her foes,
329 And Flattery made her name: — her reign began:
330 Her own dear sex she ruled, then vanquish'd man;
331 A smiling friend, to every class she spoke,
332 Assumed their manners, and their habits took;
333 Her, for her humble mien, the modest loved;
334 Her cheerful looks the light and gay approved;
335 The just beheld her, firm; the valiant, brave;
336 Her mirth the free, her silence pleased the grave;
337 Zeal heard her voice, and, as he preach'd aloud,
338 Well-pleased he caught her whispers from the crowd
339 (Those whispers, soothing-sweet to every ear,
340 Which some refuse to pay, but none to hear):
341 Shame fled her presence; at her gentle strain,
342 Care softly smiled, and guilt forgot its pain;
343 The wretched thought, the happy found, her true,
344 The learn'd confess'd that she their merits knew;[Page 252]
345 The rich — could they a constant friend condemn?
346 The poor believed — for who should flatter them?
347 Thus on her name though all disgrace attend,
348 In every creature she beholds a friend.