Eighteenth-Century Poetry Archive
The Eighteenth-Century Poetry Archive — ECPA — is a collaborative digital archive and research project devoted to the poetry of the long eighteenth century. ECPA builds on the electronic texts created by the Text Creation Partnership from Gale’s Eighteenth Century Collections Online (ECCO).
- browse authors by names, dates of birth, or gender;
- browse works ( text versions) by titles, first lines, themes, or genres;
- view high-quality digital facsimiles of select source editions of the texts used by ECPA;
- use the built-in digital tools to augment the close reading process of individual poems;
- contribute and share textual notes and glosses, readings and interpretations, observations and suggestions, via easy-to-use forms (just click on any line or word);
- use the collaborative potential in the classroom to increase student engagement with the texts;
- use the resources (chronology, gallery, and bibliography) to enhance your studies.
ECPA is currently released in beta and is being constantly updated. Follow ECPA on Twitter to be kept informed of developments. Upcoming enhancements include:
- increasing the number of authors and works represented (currently in preparation: Elizabeth Singer Rowe, George Crabbe, Christopher Smart);
- closer integration of the analytical layers (analysis view) supporting the close reading process (coming September 2017).
Works in ECPA
- The Advice. ()
- At my leaving Cambridge August the 14th, Extempore. ()
- Delia to Phraartes on his mistake of three Ladies writing to him. ()
- Delia to Phraartes on his Playing Cæsar Borgia. ()
- The Emulation. ()
- Erato the Amorous Muse on the Death of John Dryden, Esq. ()
- Euterpe: The Lyrick Muse, On the Death of John Dryden, Esq; An ODE. ()
- The Extacy. ()
- The Fatality. ()
- The Fate. ()
- THE Female Advocate, OR, An Answer to a late Satyr against the Pride, Lust and Inconstancy, &c. of Woman. ()
- The fond Shepherdess. A PASTORAL. ()
- The Gratitude. ()
- The Invocation. ()
- The Liberty. ()
- Love. ()
- An occasional Copy, in Answer to Mr. Joshua Barns, Extempore. ()
- An Ode on the Death of Mr. Dryden. ()
- On a Gentleman and his Wife visiting a Lady. He sleeping the while. Extempore. Spoke by Morpheus. ()
- On a Sermon Preach'd Sept. the 6th, 1697. on these Words, You have sold your selves for Nought. ()
- On Atheism. ()
- On being —— tax'd with Symony. ()
- On Friendship. ()
- On my leaving London, June the 29. ()
- On my leaving S—y. ()
- On my wedding Day. ()
- On the Author of Religion by Reason, or the Light of Nature a Guide to Divine Truth. ()
- On the death of dear Statyra. ()
- On the Death of William III, King of England. ()
- On the Honourable Robert Boyl's, Notion of Nature. ()
- The Female advocate, or, An answer to a late satyr against the pride, lust and inconstancy, &c. of woman written by a lady in vindication of her sex. London: Printed by H. C. for John Taylor, at the Globe in St. Paul's-Church-Yard, 1686. ,24p. (ESTC R16722; OTA A40992)
- Poems on Several Occasions, Together with a Pastoral. By Mrs. S. F. London: printed, and are to be sold by J. Nutt, near Stationers-Hall, 1703. ,117,,15,p.; 8⁰. (ESTC T125148)
Sarah Fyge Egerton, daughter of Thomas Fyge (d. 1705), a physician and city councilman descended from a land-owning family at Winslow, Buckinghamshire, and his first wife Rebecca Alcock (d. 1672), was born and educated in London. Her mother died when she was three years old, and she was raised by her father's second wife, Mary Beacham (d. 1704). She started writing poetry at an early age, her The Female Advocate, written, according to herself, when "scarce fourteen years" and first published in 1686, is a defense of women's rights in response to Robert Gould's Love given o're, or, A Satyr against the pride, lust, and inconstancy & of woman (1682). Shortly after its publication, she married the Buckinghamshire lawyer Edward Field (d. 1698). In 1700, she wrote several elegies on Dryden's death, which appeared in two miscellanies. She was romantically attracted to Henry Pierce ("Alexis" in her poems), a clerk and friend of her first husband, during and after their marriage. In June 1701, she married the Rev. Thomas Egerton of Adstock (d. 1720), Buckinghamshire, a wealthy widower 20 years her senior. The marriage was an unhappy one, and resulted in a prolonged and public breakdown, conflict and violence. In 1703, she published her collection of Poems on Several Occasions, Together with a Pastoral. The addressees of her poems indicate a wide range of interests, including the theatre (George Powell, Elizabeth Bracegirdle), literature and poetry (Nahum Tate, John Yalden, Joshua Barnes), and science and philosophy (John Norris). She seems to have written little in her later life. She died in Winslow on 13 February 1723.
ODNB 37390; NCBEL 472-473
Evans, Robert C. with MeKoi Scott, eds. Sarah Fyge Egerton. The Early Modern Englishwoman: A Facsimile Library of Essential Works. Series II. Printed Writings 1641-1700: Part 4. Volume 2. Farnham, Surrey; Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2012. Print. (Contains facsimiles of The Female Advocate (1686/1707) and Poems (1703))
Merchant, Peter with Steven Orman, eds. Sarah Fyge Egerton. The Female Advocate: or, An Answer to a Late Satyr.... Sydney: Juvenilia, 2010. Print.
Radcliffe, David H., ed.
Sarah Fyge Egerton (1670-1723). Spenser and the Tradition: ENGLISH POETRY 1579-1830. Center for Applied Technologies in the Humanities, Virginia Tech, 2006. Web. 14 Oct. 2011. http://spenserians.cath.vt.edu/AuthorRecord.php?recordid=1175.
'The Native Liberty … Of The Subject': Configurations of Gender and Authority in the Works of Mary Chudleigh, Sarah Fyge Egerton, and Mary Astell. Grundy, Isobel, and Susan Wiseman, eds. Women, Writing, History: 1640-1799. Athens: U of Georgia P, 1992. 55-69. Print.
Sarah Fyge Field Egerton. Schlueter, Paul and June Schlueter, eds. An Encyclopedia of British Women Writers. rev. ed. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 1998. 219-221. Print.
'Profess As Much As I': Dignity as Authority in the Poetry of Sarah Fyge Egerton. Eighteenth Century: Theory & Interpretation 51 1/2 (2010): 45-66. Print.
Feminist Foremother? The Maternal Metaphor in Feminist Literary History and Delarivier Manley's The Nine Muses (1700). Women's Writing 20(1) (2013): 32-48. Print.
'What A Pox Have The Women To Do With The Muses?' The Nine Muses (1700): Emulation or Appropriation?. Women's Writing 17(1) (2010): 8-29. Print.
Medoff, Jeslyn S. "My Daring Pen": The Autobiographical Poetry of Sarah Fyge (Field, Egerton), (1688-1723). Univ. diss., Rutgers University, 1994. Dissertation Abstracts International 55(3) (1994): 576A. Print.
'Amaz'd We Read Of Nature's Early Throes': Gender, the Creation and Spaces of Creativity in Early Eighteenth-Century Poetry. Zwierlein, Anne-Julia, ed. Gender and Creation: Surveying Gendered Myths of Creativity, Authority, and Authorship. Regensburger Beiträge zur Gender-Forschung, 4. Heidelberg, Germany: Universitätsverlag Winter, 2010. 115-130. Print.