Eighteenth-Century Poetry Archive
The Eighteenth-Century Poetry Archive — ECPA — is an award-winning digital archive and research project devoted to the poetry of the long eighteenth century. ECPA builds on the electronic texts created by the Text Creation Partnership from Gale’s Eighteenth Century Collections Online (ECCO).
- browse authors by names, dates of birth, or gender;
- browse works ( text versions) by titles, first lines, themes, or genres;
- view high-quality digital facsimiles of select source editions of the texts used by ECPA;
- use the built-in digital tools to augment the close reading process of individual poems;
- contribute and share textual notes and glosses, readings and interpretations, observations and suggestions, via easy-to-use forms (just click on any line or word);
- use the collaborative potential in the classroom to increase student engagement with the texts;
- use the resources (chronology, gallery, and bibliography) to enhance your studies.
ECPA is currently released in beta and is being constantly updated. Follow ECPA on Twitter to be kept informed of developments. Upcoming updates include:
- increasing the number of authors and works represented (currently in preparation: James Macpherson, Thomas Parnell, Isaac Watts);
- scoping the requirements for the next two modes of engagement (views), namely visualization view and modelling view.
Works in ECPA
- Elegy. ()
- [THE EMIGRANTS.] ()
- Ode to Despair. From the Novel of Emmeline. ()
- Origin of Flattery. ()
- Peasant of the Alps. From the Novel of Celestina. ()
- Song. ()
- Song. From the French of Cardinal Bernis. ()
- SONNET  I. ()
- SONNET  II. Written at the Close of Spring. ()
- SONNET  III. To a Nightingale. ()
- SONNET  IV. To the Moon. ()
- SONNET  V. To the South Downs. ()
- SONNET  VI. To Hope. ()
- SONNET  VII. On the Departure of the Nightingale. ()
- SONNET  VIII. To Spring. ()
- SONNET  IX. ()
- SONNET  X. To Mrs. G***. ()
- SONNET  XI. To Sleep. ()
- SONNET  XII. Written on the Sea Shore. — October, 1784. ()
- SONNET  XIII. From Petrarch. ()
- SONNET  XIV. From Petrarch. ()
- SONNET  XV. From Petrarch. ()
- SONNET  XVI. From Petrarch. ()
- SONNET  XVII. From the thirteenth Cantata of Metastasio. ()
- SONNET  XVIII. To the Earl of Egremont. ()
- SONNET  XIX. To Mr. Hayley. On receiving some elegant Lines from him. ()
- SONNET  XX. To the Cotentess of A****. Written on the Anniversary of her Marriage. ()
- SONNET  XXI. Supposed to be written by Werter. ()
- SONNET  XXII. By the same. To Solitude. ()
- SONNET  XXIII. By the same. To the North Star. ()
- SONNET  XXIV. By the same. ()
- SONNET  XXV. By the same. Just before his Death. ()
- SONNET  XXVI. To the River Arun. ()
- SONNET  XXVII. ()
- SONNET  XXVIII. To Friendship. ()
- SONNET  XXIX. To Miss C****. On being desired to attempt writing a Comedy. ()
- SONNET  XXX. To the River Arun. ()
- SONNET  XXXI. Written on Farm Wood, South Downs, May, 1784. ()
- SONNET  XXXII. To Melancholy. Written on the Banks of the Arun, October, 1785. ()
- SONNET  XXXIII. To the Naiad of the Arun. ()
- SONNET  XXXIV. To a Friend. ()
- SONNET  XXXV. To Fortitude. ()
- SONNET  XXXVI. ()
- SONNET  XXXVII. Sent to the Hon. Mrs. O'Niell, with painted Flowers. ()
- SONNET  XXXVIII. From the Novel of Emmeline. ()
- SONNET  XXXIX. To Night. From the same. ()
- SONNET  XL. From the same. ()
- SONNET  XLI. To Tranquillity. ()
- SONNET  XLII. Composed during a Walk on the Downs, Nov. 1787. ()
- SONNET  XLIII. ()
- SONNET  XLIV. Written in the Church Yard at Middleton in Sussex. ()
- SONNET  XLV. On leaving a part of Sussex. ()
- SONNET  XLVI. Written at Penshurst, in Autumn, 1788. ()
- SONNET  XLVII. To Fancy. ()
- SONNET  XLVIII. To Mrs. ****. ()
- SONNET  XLIX. Supposed to have been written in a Church Yard, over the Grave of a Young Woman of nineteen. From the Novel of Celestina. ()
- SONNET  L. From the Novel of Celestina. ()
- SONNET  LI. Supposed to have been written in the Hebrides. From the Novel of Celestina. ()
- SONNET  LII. The Pilgrim. From the Novel of Celestina. ()
- SONNET  LIII. The Laplander. From the Novel of Celestina. ()
- SONNET  LIV. The sleeping Woodman. Written in April, 1790. ()
- SONNET  LV. The Return of the Nightingale. Written in May, 1791. ()
- SONNET  LVI. The Captive escaped in the Wilds of America. Addressed to the Honourable Mrs. O'Neill. ()
- SONNET  LVII. To Dependence. ()
- SONNET  LVIII. The Glow Worm. ()
- SONNET  LIX. Written during a Thunder Storm, September, 1791; in which the Moon was perfectly clear, while the Tempest gathered in various directions near the Earth. ()
- Thirty Eight. Addressed to Mrs. H—y. ()
- Verses. Intended to have been prefixed to the Novel of Emmeline, but these suppressed. ()
- The emigrants, a poem, in two books. By Charlotte Smith. London: printed for T. Cadell, 1793. ix,,68[i.e. 60]p.; 4⁰. (ESTC T32633; OTA K035639.000)
- Elegiac sonnets, and other poems. By Charlotte Smith. The first Worcester edition, from the sixth London edition, with additions. Printed at Worcester [Mass.]: by Isaiah Thomas, sold by him in Worcester, and by said Thomas and Andrews in Boston, 1795. xix,,22-126,p., leaves of plates: ill.; 15 cm. (12mo) ( OTA N22357)
Curran, Stuart, ed. The Poems of Charlotte Smith. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1993. Print.
Labbe, Jacqueline M., ed. and Stuart Curran, gen. ed. The Works of Charlotte Smith, vol. 14 Elegiac sonnets, vols. 1 & 2; The emigrants; Beachy Head: with other poems; Uncollected poems. Pickering masters. London: Pickering & Chatto, 2005-2007. Print. 14 volumes.
Stanton, Judith P., ed. The Collected Letters of Charlotte Smith. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 2002. Print.
Willson, Judith, ed. Charlotte Smith: Selected poems. Manchester: Carcanet Press, 2003. Print.
Fry, Carroll L. Charlotte Smith. New York: Twayne; London: Prentice Hall, 1996. Print.
Fletcher, Loraine. Charlotte Smith: A Critical Biography. Houndmills: Macmillan, 1998. Print.
Fletcher, Loraine. Charlotte Smith: A Critical Bibliography. Basingstoke, England: Palgrave, 2001. Print.
Baines, Paul, Julian Ferraro, Pat Rogers, eds. The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Eighteenth-Century Writers and Writing, 1660-1789. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011. 316-317. Print.
Radcliffe, David H., ed.
Charlotte Smith (1749-1806). Spenser and the Tradition: ENGLISH POETRY 1579-1830. Center for Applied Technologies in the Humanities, Virginia Tech, 2006. Web. 14 Oct. 2011. http://spenserians.cath.vt.edu/AuthorRecord.php?recordid=33232.
Voller, Jack G.
Charlotte Turner Smith (1749-1806). Thomson, Douglass H., Jack G. Voller, and Frederick S. Frank, eds. Gothic Writers: A Critical and Bibliographical Guide. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2002. 408-411. Print.
Literary Hybridity and the Aesthetic of Suffering and Desire in Charlotte Smith's Elegiac Sonnets. Feminist Studies in English Literature 24(3) (2016): 159-182. Print.
'Nature seem'd to lose her course': crisis historiography and historiographic crisis in Charlotte Smith's The Emigrants. Felber, Lynette, ed. Clio's daughters: British women writing history, 1790-1899. Newark: Delaware UP, 2007. 29-42. Print.
Blank, Antje, ed. Charlotte Smith after 200 Years. Women's Writing 16(1) (2009). Print.
The sonnets of Charlotte Smith. Critical Survey 4(1) (1992): 9-21. Print.
Charlotte Smith and English Romanticism. South Central Review 11(2) (1994): 66-78. Print.
'Mature Poets Steal': Charlotte Smith's Appropriations of Shakespeare. Ortiz, Joseph M., ed. Shakespeare and the Culture of Romanticism. Farnham, England: Ashgate, 2013. 99-119. Print.
Dolan, Elizabeth A.
British Romantic Melancholia: Charlotte Smith's Elegiac Sonnets, Medical Discourse and the Problem of Sensibility. Journal of European Studies 33(3-4) (2003): 237-253. Print.
Dolan, Elizabeth A. Seeing Suffering in Women's Literature of the Romantic Era. Aldershot, England: Ashgate, 2008. Print.
The nightjar's shriek: nature's variety in the sonnets of John Clare and Charlotte Smith. John Clare Society Journal 36 (2017): 31-48. Print.
Garnai, Amy. Revolutionary imaginings in the 1790s: Charlotte Smith, Mary Robinson, Elizabeth Inchbald. Basingstoke; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009. Print.
Politics, exile, and authorship: Charlotte Smith's The Emigrants. Eighteenth-Century Women 3 (2003): 225-245. Print.
Girten, Kristin M.
Charlotte Smith's tactile poetics. Eighteenth Century 54(2) (2013): 215-230. Print.
'Saved by the historic page': Charlotte Smith's Arun River sonnets. Studies in Romanticism 53(1) (2014): 103-131. Print.
Charlotte Smith's Elegiac Sonnets, Losses and Gains. Armstrong, Isobel, and Virginia Blain, eds. Women's Poetry in the Enlightenment: The Making of a Canon, 1730-1820. London and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 1999. 184-198. Print.
Hunt, Bishop C.
Wordsworth and Charlotte Smith. Wordsworth Circle 1 (1970): 85-113. Print.
Thorns and Roses: The Sonnets of Charlotte Smith. Women's Writing 2 (1995): 43-54. Print.
Knowles, Claire. Sensibility and Female Poetic Tradition, 1780-1860: The Legacy of Charlotte Smith. Farnham, England: Ashgate, 2009. Print.
Labbe, Jacqueline M.
'Transplanted into More Congenial Soil': Footnoting the Self in the Poetry of Charlotte Smith. Bray, Joe, Miriam Handley, and Anne C. Henry, eds. Ma(r)king the Text: The Presentation of Meaning on the Literary Page. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000. 71-86. Print.
Labbe, Jacqueline M.
Selling One's Sorrows: Charlotte Smith, Mary Robinson, and the Marketing of Poetry. The Wordsworth Circle 25(2) (1994): 68-71. Print.
Labbe, Jacqueline M.
The Exiled Self: Images of War in Charlotte Smith's The Emigrants. Shaw, Philip, ed. Romantic Wars: Studies in Culture and Conflict, 1793-1822. Aldershot, England: Ashgate, 2000. 37-56. Print.
Labbe, Jacqueline M. Charlotte Smith: Romanticism, poetry, and the culture of gender. Manchester; New York: Manchester UP, 2003. Print.
Labbe, Jacqueline M., ed. Charlotte Smith in British Romanticism. Enlightenment World: Political and Intellectual History of the Long Eighteenth Century. London, England: Pickering & Chatto, 2008. Print.
Labbe, Jacqueline M. Writing Romanticism: Charlotte Smith and William Wordsworth, 1784-1807. Palgrave Studies in the Enlightenment, Romanticism, and Cultures of Print. Basingstoke; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. Print.
Labbe, Jacqueline M.
Pathological sensibility. Women's Writing 23(3) (2016): 354-365. Print.
Charlotte Smith and the Romantic Sonnet Revival. Fendler, Susanne, ed. Feminist Contributions to the Literary Canon: Setting Standards of Taste. Lewiston, NY: Mellen, 1997. 65-79. Print.
Myers, Mary Anne.
Charlotte Smith's Androgynous Sonnets. European Romantic Review 13(4) (2002): 379-382. Print.
Myers, Mary Anne.
Unsexing Petrarch: Charlotte Smith's lessons in the sonnet as a social medium. Studies in Romanticism 53(2) (2014): 239-263. Print.
Charlotte Smith's poetry as Sentimental discourse. Studies in Romanticism 50(3) (2011): 437-473. Print.
Living to labour, labouring to live: the problem of suicide in Charlotte Smith's Elegiac Sonnets". Literature Compass 12(12) (2015): 660-666. Print.
From Charlotte Smith to Nehemiah Higginbottom: Revising the Genealogy of the Early Romantic Sonnet. European Romantic Review 9(3) (1998): 363-392. Print.
'Breaking the Silent Sabbath of the Grave': Charlotte Smith's Sonnet XLIV and Her Place in Literary History. European Romantic Review 28(5) (2017): 549-570. Print.
Literary past and present in Charlotte Smith's Elegiac Sonnets. Studies in English Literature 1500-1900 54(3) (2014): 649-674. Print.
Reviving the Sonnet: Women Romantic Poets and the Sonnet Claim. European Romantic Review 6(1) (1995): 98-127. Print.
Elegiac Sonnets: Charlotte Smith's formal paradoxy. Papers on Language & Literature 39(2) (2003): 185-220. Print.
Lorn subjects: haunting, fracture and ascesis in Charlotte Smith's Elegiac Sonnets. Women's Writing 16(1) (2009): 143-160. Print.
Sentimental doubling in Charlotte Smith's Elegiac Sonnets. ANQ 20(4) (2007): 50-58. Print.
Weisman, Karen A.
Form and loss in Charlotte Smith's Elegiac Sonnets. Wordsworth Circle 33(1) (2002): 23-27. Print.
White, Daniel E.
Autobiography and Elegy: The Early Romantic Poetics of Thomas Gray and Charlotte Smith. Woodman, Thomas, ed. The Early Romantics: Perspectives in British Poetry from Pope to Wordsworth. Houndmills: Macmillan, 1998. 57-69. Print.
The geography of displacement and replacement in Charlotte Smith's The Emigrants. European Romantic Review 17(1) (2006): 55-68. Print.
Wolfson, Susan J.
Charlotte Smith's Emigrants: Forging Connections at the Borders of a Female Tradition. Huntington Library Quarterly: Studies in English and American History and Literature 63(4) (2000): 509-546. Print.
Zimmerman, Sarah M. Romanticism, Lyricism, and History. Albany, NY: State U of New York P, 1999. Print.
Zimmerman, Sarah M.
Varieties of privacy in Charlotte Smith's poetry. European Romantic Review 18(4) (2007): 483-502. Print.